We cover the internationally vital news in this section. Contrary to the other sections, News Insight articles are published every week, as of June 15, 2020.
What Does Secularism Mean for Sudan?
North African country Sudan took the decision of separating the rule of law from religion, meaning that their 30-year-old Islamic rule is now at its end. The transition government signed a treaty with Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North in Addis Ababa on the 3rd of September. This treaty states the importance of the place of secularism in Sudan’s constitution. The treaty also recognizes how Sudan is a multicultural nation with several different religions, thus it needs to protect the freedom of religion and conscience of its people for a more democratic and peaceful state.
The state of California is once again battling a disastrous wildfire called the El Dorado fire due to its starting location being the El Dorado Ranch Park in San Bernardino county. El Dorado fire started on September 5 Saturday at 10:23 a.m. PT due to a malfunctioning smoke-generating pyrotechnical device used in a gender reveal party. Even though this incident can be regarded as a tragicomical event due to its reasoning for existence its effects had quite been hellish for the people and wildlife affected by it.
When U.S bestseller and globally renowned investigative journalist Robert Woodward secured an up-to-then unseen agreement with President Donald Trump for interviews to use in his then-unpublished book Rage, many people were curious as to what a meeting between the man who uncovered the Watergate incident and one of the most controversial presidents of recent United States history would yield. Now that Rage has come out earlier this month and the interview tapes have been released to the public immediately prior, we can now say that, as expected, there is some significant knowledge worth being discussed in these tapes.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, exams needed for UK students to get into universities known as A-Levels were canceled leaving grades to be decided by a mix of factors including grades of previous assignments, results of mock exams, teacher predictions of pupils’ grades, and an algorithm.
In early August, we heard from Russia that it approved a coronavirus vaccine for its people, without enough human testing. Putin claimed that he knows that “the vaccine has proven to be efficient and forms a stable unity.” Scientists from all over the world criticized the lack of transparency in the making of the vaccine.
Unhealed Wound in Japanese History: Legacy of Forced Labor and Comfort Women
Both Japan and South Korea play a huge role in today’s economy and politics, regardless of their complicated and long-dated history. The relations between the two nations/states date back to ancient times. Japan has repeatedly tried to invade the peninsula since the 7th century and fully colonized it in 1910.
The Republic of Mauritius is an island nation in the Indian Ocean and has been independent for five decades after three centuries of being colonized by multiple nations. Island’s economy depends on 74% on the service sector (mostly tourism), which has already been negatively affected by the COVID lockdown for the last six months.
Changing Balance of Power in the Middle East: Deal of UAE and Israel
The United Arab Emirates has announced that it is going to fully normalize its relations with Israel on 13th August 2020. With the agreement which has the name Abraham Accord United Arab Emirates now becomes the thirds Arab nation and the first Gulf state to normalize its relations with Israel.
Instability After Election: Serial Resignations in the Polish Cabinet
Amidst heavy criticism over its recent steps in handling the COVID-19 crisis, the polish cabinet saw two of its members resigning back to back in a shocking turn of events. Health Minister Lukasz Szumowski notified the public of his resignation this Tuesday, on the 18th of August, only two days later, the Foreign Minister Jacek Czaputowicz joined him in the Polish Cabinet Resignees Club.
Belarus, a small Eastern European country, took most of us by surprise earlier last week when the news about police violence and rigged election blew up on social media. Unfortunately, a closer look shows that these were not actually news and that Belarus has had a history of dictatorship since before we hit the 21st century.
Flustering Race to The Presidency: 2020 US Elections Round-Up
Alp Ünal AYHAN
Following the end of the much-contested presidential primary elections, the tickets on the 2020 presidential election’s ballot are finalized: on the Democrats’ side are former vice president Joe Biden for president and Sen. Kamala Harris (D-CA) for vice president, and incumbent President Donald Trump and vice president Mike Pence fighting for reelection on the Republicans’ side.
Getting Used to the Worst: COVID and Racial Inequality
Two events marked the first eight months of 2020 for the USA: their failure in decreasing the number of COVID 19 cases and the Black Lives Matter protests. Both events had an impact on people globally. We saw the news about the rapid COVID increase in the USA everywhere. We were talking with our friends and family about racism - even if it is a very different concept in our cultures.
Hydropolitical Trouble in Asia: The Sino-Indian Conflict Over The Third Pole
Hosting the third-largest perennial mass of ice in the world, the Tibetan Plateau, deservedly, holds the title of being the “Third Pole” of the Earth. This sizable quantity of ice acts as a water source for most rivers in the surrounding region such as the vitally important Brahmaputra.
Uyghurs are one of the minority groups, living mostly in Xinjiang autonomous region in China. Most of them are Muslim and their language is similar to Turkish. They are closer to Central Asian ethnicity than that of Han Chinese. Similarly, it is somewhat recent that they started living under Chinese rule. Xinjiang officially came under the rule of Communist China in 1949.
Contrary to the belief of people outside the United States, the capital of the US-Washington, District of Columbia-is not part of any state. Washington, DC is a “federal district,” meaning it’s governed by the United States Congress. DC residents have been able to vote in presidential elections since 1964 and they have a mayor and a council but they don’t have a vote in congressional elections and DC Council’s decisions can be overridden by Congress.
Vaccine Race: Who Will Recover from Covid-19 First?
Nobel winning biologist Joshua Lederberg once stated that “The single biggest threat to man’s continued dominance on the planet is the virus.” But for a long time, scientists had believed that the upcoming threat would be because of influenza viruses. So accordingly, the pharmaceutical industry was prepared for that type of viruses.
A Culmination of the Hostilities: The Arrest Warrant on Donald Trump
Over the 4 years of the Donald J. Trump administration, one of the USA’s most consistent foreign policies has been hostility towards Iran. President Trump first started attacking the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which was seen as one of the greatest diplomatic breakthroughs of the Obama presidency.
On the 20th of July, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) successfully launched its first space mission “Al Amal”, or “Hope”, which will conduct research in the Martian orbit. This is the first space mission of the UAE and the first Arabian space mission to Mars. Therefore, it marks a milestone for both Emirati and Arabian space endeavors.
Hong Kong is in a crisis that is changing its fate over the last six years. There were signs that the bound with China is about to change. The Umbrella Movement was a series of protests in 2014 that called for more transparent elections for the city’s chief executive and it is clearly a movement against the Chinese government.
Recently, several internet conspiracy theorists emerged and claimed that Wayfair, an American e-commerce company that sells furniture and home-goods, was facilitating an illegal child trafficking concealed by high-priced storage cabinets in product listings. What is more, these cabinets contained female names – Neriah, Yaritza, Alyvia, and Samiyah – which, from the conspiracy theorists’ perspective, were claimed to be matching with those of real missing children.
Protests began in Belgrade, the capital city of Serbia on the 8th of July after the government of Alexander Vucic declared another curfew against the rising number of cases in the country. Both the police and the protestors were hurt during the protests and did not easily come to an end despite Vucic’s decision to cancel the curfew.
1500-year-old building first served as a church during Byzantinian age, later converted into a mosque by the Ottoman Empire, Hagia Sophia had been used as a museum. On July 10, 2020, President of Turkey Mr. Erdogan announced its reversion to a mosque, which was greeted both positively and negatively. That said, let us take a closer look at the situation retrospectively.
Humans have been developing ways to convince consumers to buy their products since they had any products to sell. This desire gave rise to advertising which, until recently, depended on broad strategies to convince masses through manipulation of human psychology. With social media, companies, organizations, and politicians alike now have the power to individualize their advertisements to more effectively target specific people and audiences based on their user profiles.
West Bank: it is a land located on the west bank of the River Jordan and it is surrounded by Israel to the north, west, and south. Israel has occupied the land since the 1967 Middle East war but its final status has been left unresolved. Also, it became a home to some 430.000 Israeli Jews who built settlements under Israel’s occupation, though the settlements are considered illegal under international laws.
Vladimir Putin is a name that needs no introduction. He has been actively ruling the Russian Federation since the end of 1999. In the last 20 years, his country went through countless events from Moscow Theatre Siege to the annexation of Crimea. Yet, he successfully kept his votes and approval ratings at a constant high level.
Factory Explosions and COVID: Telling Us What We Already Know
Alp Ünal AYHAN
On the 3rd of July, a firework factory in the Sakarya province of Turkey exploded, killing 7 people. A few days later, another explosion happened while the Turkish Gendarmerie was emptying the factory of unexploded fireworks, killing 3 officers. The factory in which the first explosion occurred had 7 previous explosions, the latest in 2019.
Canada’s Trans Mountain pipeline has been in use since 1953, transporting crude or refined oil from Edmonton, Alberta to Burnaby, a coastal city in British Columbia. In 2013, Kinder Morgan expressed their wish to expand the pipeline by building a new pipeline in parallel to the existing one, including several new pump stations, terminals, and a dock complex in Burnaby for their tankers.
Either in the news or social media, we see that there is an ongoing war in Yemen. Aside from knowing why there is a war in this Middle Eastern country, most of us do not even know where Yemen is. However, it is a fact that one of the worst humanitarian crises of the modern world is now taking place in this country. Having cost thousands of lives and a nation's future, what is the story behind this civil war?
Racing With Seconds: Earthquake Warning Systems, Explained
Alp Ünal AYHAN & Kaan ERTAN
It is often said it is impossible to know when an earthquake will happen. It is true to an extent, but wouldn’t it be nice to have some warning before an earthquake happens, allowing us to make life-saving decisions such as finding a place to hide and brace ourselves from the quake before a tremor hits? Earthquake warning systems do exactly this.
George Floyd was murdered by a police officer on the 25th of May. In the video that went viral, the officer Derek Chauvin kneels on the neck of George Floyd for 8 minutes and 46 seconds: 526 seconds in total. Despite Floyd’s repetition of the phrase “I can’t breathe” and the reactions of the bystanders, the officer keeps on kneeling even after Floyd is motionless.
For nearly half a year, Coronavirus has been within our lives, altered today’s world completely. Many countries have been working towards the future, trying their best to cure the disease. However, amid crisis, the eyes have been turned towards the World Health Organisation.
Myriad Problems of Zoom: Mistakes in Goodwill or Malevolent Negligence
Founded in 2011, the video-conference software Zoom has seen a massive surge in its popularity after the COVID-19 outbreak. Going from 10 million to 300 million users amidst the outbreak, the company has almost multiplied its user count by 30.
Boeing's New Flagship 737-Max: The Airplane Full of Fatal Errors
The Boeing 737-MAX is the 4th generation of the famous Boeing 737 aircraft family. But recently, it is better known for its unreliability and crashes. After experiencing 2 fatal crashes within 5 months, all the 737-MAX planes remain grounded.